Atrophaneura hageni (Rogenhöfer, 1889)

click here

to see all pictures of different views and or variants for this species

The fore wings: Male. Length forewing/wingspan 64-66/105-108 mm. Forewing upperside and underside black, brownish grey on both sides of the veins, mainly in oiuter half. H 

The hind wings:  Hindwing crenulate; upperside and underside black in basal half, outer half white, but with undulating black margin and large rounded spots in spaces 2-5; enlarged anal fold white on upperside, bordered pink along wing margin. 

The body:  

Sex differences: Female. Length forewing/wingspan 67-73/111-113 mm. As male, but grey area on forewing much more extensive,as is the black color on the hindwing, the spots and the black margin more or less touching; no enlarged anal fold.

Variation and infraspecific taxa: Little known.

Similar species: Reminmiscent of A. priapus and A. luchti, but the distribution areas do not overlap. In A. hageni the base of space 4 on the hindwing is white, while it is black in the other two species.

Habitat: Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
This species inhabits both primary and secondary rainforest. Males are most commonly seen on hilltops late in the afternoon, where they defend territories from perches a few metres above the ground. Both sexes frequent flowers, usually high in the forest canopy. Adults are extremely rapid flyers. Larvae feed on the fruits and flower buds of Gardenia , Randia (Rubiaceae) and other species, where they may cause significant damage.
(IUCN 2020)

Population: This species appears very local, but is occasionally fairly common.
Range: This butterfly species is distributed widely in South East Asia, where it ranges from northern India, through Indo-China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Okinawa (Japan), peninsular Thailand/Malaysia to Sulawesi and possibly Borneo (see Taxonomic Notes). Although the species has been recorded from Thailand , Monastyrskii and Devyatkin (2003) did not include the species in their checklist of the butterflies of Viet Nam . Nonetheless, the species has a very large extent of occurrence and, as inhabitants of primary and secondary forest which is still fairly abundant across its distribution, the area of occupancy is also quite large.
(IUCN 2020)

Occurrence and observation maps

Map of Life

Host plants (as foodsource for larvae (L) or adults (A)) :


  • IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2020).